Adhering to proper maintenance practices is of utmost importance in the Aerospace industry. No aircraft is so tolerant of neglect that it is exempt from deterioration in the absence of inspection and maintenance programs. Corrosion, wear and tear, natural fatigue, and chance failures all contribute to the overall functioning and safety of aircraft.

Proper maintenance and repair techniques isn’t only about replacing a damaged part; it is about the repeated proactive actions required for restoring or maintaining a plane. Methods used to keep an aircraft in serviceable condition includes inspection, overhaul, servicing, and determination of condition. The different stages of aircraft maintenance involve light, heavy, and shop maintenance with each one focusing on separate areas of the vehicle.

Light maintenance refers to a large portion of pre-flight inspections and routine checks. This also encompasses any servicing that is carried out before the flight to ensure the aircraft is fit for the intended flight. The light maintenance process involves checking fluid levels, troubleshooting, repairing any defective components, as well as replacing malfunctioning components. This type of maintenance also  focuses on minor repairs and modifications that do not require extensive disassembly and can be accomplished rather quickly; heavy maintenance involves more in-depth work.

Heavy maintenance, also known as base maintenance, consists of repairs or servicing that is generally more invasive and require longer time frames. Although these tasks involve heavy repairs, they occur more infrequently. Airliners and private pilots tend to contract outside assistance for these situations as they require specialized tools/equipment. Heavy maintenance repairs often involve the removal of defective components, technology upgrades in the cockpit, cabin reconfiguration, as well as painting the aircraft. If a plane needs in-depth servicing to the engine, aircraft wings, or tail, it will be destined for shop maintenance.

When an aircraft needs major maintenance, or an overhaul, shop maintenance is required. This includes engine dismantle and repair, wing servicing, cabin maintenance, fuselage upgrades, window replacement, or any other major service. Often times this maintenance can be performed under the same conditions as heavy maintenance; however, this typically requires a hangar or a place to station the aircraft.

Proper upkeep on your aircraft contributes to extending the life of the plane, reinforcing passenger safety, maintaining excellent performance, and avoiding costly aircraft repair parts. Be sure to adhere to the recommended maintenance schedules for your vessel and its components to ensure the longevity of the aircraft. 

At Aviation Orbit, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find all the maintenance parts for the aerospace, civil aviation, and defense industries. We’re always available and ready to help you find all the parts and equipment you need, 24/7-365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@aviationorbit.com or call us at +1-509-449-7700.


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An aircraft flight deck, also known as the cockpit, houses the aircraft's control systems. On a commercial airliner, flight decks may also be called a glass cockpit; they feature electronic flight instrument displays rather than the traditional analog dials and gauge display. Airline pilots are required to obtain their Airline Transport Pilot certification. In addition to this certificate, they receive type ratings that allow them to fly specific aircraft. Type rating is required for certain aircraft that have complex systems.

Although it’s difficult to fully grasp an understanding of the entire flight deck without training in it, we can learn about the basic systems. Airliners include a mode control panel (MCP), the primary flight display (PFD), a navigation display (ND), a GPS navigation systems, an engine indication and crew alerting system or electronic centralized aircraft monitor (EICAS or ECAM), a flight management system (FMS), and backup instruments. These systems often interact with each other.

The MCP allows the pilot to control the autopilot system and its related functions— but the autopilot system is independent of this instrument panel. PFDs display a digitized version of all of the basic flight instruments: the airspeed indicator, turn coordinator, attitude indicator, heading indicator, altimeter, and vertical speed indicator. The EICAS or ECAM allows the pilot to monitor values for N1, N2, and N3, along with fuel temperature, fuel flow, the electrical system, interior temperatures, control surfaces, etc. The FMS allows the pilot to enter or check information pertaining to the flight plan, speed control, navigation control, etc. The backup system includes a battery-powered integrated standby instrument system and a magnetic compass; these show vital information like speed, altitude, attitude, and heading.

With all of this information in mind, we can see how it can be important to obtain a type rating and specialize in flying that aircraft. Although most cockpits have similarities, they vary in design, functions, and complexity. It is important to understand the differences to avoid becoming complacent and reduce the likelihood of human error.

 At Aviation Orbit, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find all the aircraft parts you need, new or obsolete. As a premier supplier of parts for the aerospace, civil aviation, and defense industries, we’re always available and ready to help you find all the parts and equipment you need, 24/7x365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@aviationorbit.com or call us at 1-509-449-7700. 


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Did you know that the screen resolution is not the only component responsible for creating a clear picture on a screen? Another component that can make the screen nicer to look at is a graphics card.

A graphics card is a computer hardware component responsible for rendering an image to a monitor. It converts data into a signal that a monitor can understand. There are two main types of graphics cards:  integrated and discrete graphics cards. Integrated graphics cards are built into the motherboard and are found on most computers. They are cost-effective but are not easily upgradeable and are not intended for more complicated image processing. Discrete graphics cards are an extra component installed on a motherboard; they are often used to speed up the image processing time and are ideal for modifying a system. There are many components associated with a graphics card. 

The graphics processing unit (GPU) creates the visuals displayed on the screen. It takes data from the central processing unit (CPU Board) and converts it into imagery. Expansion slots allow users to add additional cards. Graphics expansion slots have changed from peripheral component interconnect (PCI), accelerated graphics port (AGP), to the PCI-express: the PCI-E offers the best bandwidth with higher frames per second (FPS) to support more intense graphics such as 3D action and photoshop realism.

Higher random-access memory (RAM) configurations can also support higher resolutions. A graphics card’s RAM contains only the graphics memory and is separate from the system's main RAM Modules. Most modern graphics cards have a capacity somewhere between 512 MB and 8 GB; the most popular formats are DDR3 and GDDR5.

Graphics cards can be connected to the computer display through different output options. Video graphics array (VGA) is a 15-pin analog connection; it’s also probably the least efficient option. The digital visual interface is useful between cards and screen. The DVI-I carries analog and digital signals while the DVI-D carries only digital signals. HDMI carries both video and audio signals and is common due to its speed and versatility. A DisplayPort can carry video, audio, and other forms of data and is becoming more common.

Graphics cards are common in gaming systems but can help speed up image rendering in photo and video editing programs too. So, you don’t need to be an intense gamer to appreciate better quality graphics. 

At Aviation Orbit, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find all the computer hardware parts you need, new or obsolete. As a premier supplier of parts for the aerospace, civil aviation, and defense industries, we’re always available and ready to help you find all the parts and equipment you need, 24/7x365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@aviationorbit.com or call us at 1-509-449-7700. 


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Regardless of what type of plane you are flying in, it most likely has a pressurized cabin. All airplanes, barring certain military aircraft, have a pressurized cabin. It is a crucial part of designing an aircraft because the purpose of pressurizing cabins is to ensure a safe and comfortable environment for passengers and flight crew at high altitudes.

 An airplane’s cabin is pressurized by forcing air into the cabin just like how you pressurize a car tire by blowing air into it. Air is pumped into the cabin, and since the cabin is sealed, the pressure inside increases. Often, this pressure is formed by the engines used to fuel the plane— as the engines burn fuel and generate combustion, a small portion of the air is forced into the cabin to reach an acceptable pressure.

As stated before, cabins are pressurized to ensure a safe and comfortable environment for passengers and flight crew at high altitudes. Almost all commercial airplanes fly at around 30,000 to 40,000 feet above sea level. At higher altitudes, the air is much thinner than when at sea level. As humans live on land, our lungs are made to breathe in air that is not as thin when high up in the air. If someone is forced to breathe in this thin air, they may experience hypoxia, which is characterized by a lack of oxygen to the brain. By pressurizing the cabin, you create a more suitable environment with more oxygen Cylinder readily available. This is essential for passenger and crew health.

But the cabin isn’t the only area that is pressurized. The entire base fuselage, including the cargo hold, is pressurized. Pressurized cabins are essential to creating a safe environment for passengers, but there’s the possibility of a blowout. If a window breaks, or if an emergency door opens, the air will be sucked out as the low pressure from outside attempts to equalize with the higher pressure inside. And, with the air goes everything else inside the cabin.

Aviation Orbit, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, allows for customers to source for aerospace and aviation parts from a quick and convenient platform. Ranging from military/defense articles to civilian aviation parts, Aviation Orbit provides expert service from staff who are available 24/7x365. For a quote, email us at sales@aviationorbit.com or call us at +1-509-449-7700.


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Steam turbines extract thermal energy from pressurized steam and use it to do mechanical work on a rotating output shaft. Because it generates rotary motion, it’s widely used in power generation, refineries, and petrochemical industries.

Turbine casings are what go around the blades and working fluid. Because turbines work with steam at different temperatures and pressure levels, they have different shapes, constructions, and materials. For example, low-pressure and low-temperature up to 230? steam needs single shell casings made of cast iron; intermediate-pressure and medium-temperature up to 425? need carbon steel, and high-pressure and high-temperature steam exceeding 550? needs alloy steel such as 3Cr1Mo.

Turbine rotors blades are the most stressed component in the turbine and are designed based on their operating principles, impulse or reaction. Impulse turbines have a pressure drop across the stationary blades and have steam leakage between the stationary blades and rotor, so they use disc rotors. Reaction turbines have a pressure drop across the moving and stationary blades and cannot deal with added axial thrust, so they use drum rotors to eliminate the axial thrust caused by discs.

Turbine blades determine the efficiency of the turbine. Impulse blades have to be designed to convert the steam’s kinetic energy into mechanical energy while the reaction blades have to do that and convert pressure energy into kinetic energy. They have to be strong enough to deal with high temperatures, stresses, and damage. As a result, a shroud is often used to reinforce the free ends of the blade and reduce vibration and leakage.

Barring devices, bearings, couplings, seals, governors, and an oil flood lubrication system are all other crucial parts of a steam turbine. Barring devices are used to help the rotor when it is too hot, too cold, or has been shut off for too long. Bearings rotary and couplings help bear the loads, reduce friction, and keep everything in place. Seals reduce the leakage of steam between the rotary and stationary parts. Governors control the steam turbine’s operations. And the lubrication steam keeps the turbine running smoothly by reducing friction.  


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In the aerospace and aviation industry, sometimes the biggest problems, like engine failure, are not the most important problems to be dealt with. Sometimes, it’s just basic structural maintenance and repair. Aviation, due to the high stress and drastic change in air pressure, requires the use of stronger and more versatile materials for things like the exterior walls or doors. However, just because a structure is more durable doesn’t mean that it doesn’t need servicing.

Aviation composites are generally made with any combination of fiberglass, carbon fiber, or aramid. By combining several different materials together, manufacturers can produce one composite material with different physical or chemical properties that better suit the needs of their clients. Aircraft like the Boeing 737, Airbus 330, and MD-80 use composite materials for flight controls, cowls, gear doors, and more. In the case of aviation, that means a more durable and versatile material that is less likely to decay from corrosion and fatigue. Damage over time is unavoidable but easy enough to fix with the right tooling equipment and replacement parts.

When composite parts need maintenance and repair, there are several steps involved. First, there is a visual inspection and damage assessment to see what is obviously wrong with the aircraft. Further thorough inspections may also be necessary. Afterward, the maintenance crew will need to take stock of all the parts they will need, order them, and begin repairs, and if necessary, overhaul. Servicing an aircraft can sometimes mean AOG, or aircraft on the ground, which means that the damage is serious enough that the aircraft cannot fly. Parts like aircraft overhaul kits and composite parts and replacements will be needed, and quickly, in order to get the aircraft up and ready for flight again.

Fortunately, when your aircraft is grounded and your composite parts need repairing, we, at Aviation Orbit, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, are available and ready to help. As the premier supplier of aviation and aerospace parts, we have everything you need from overhaul kits, aircraft composite parts, gear doors, and more. So, if you are in the market for a quote or would like more information, call us at +1-509-449-7700 or email us at sales@aviationorbit.com. We are available 24/7, 365 days a year.


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One of the most important things to have in mind when choosing memory speed is the purpose intended for it. The main two areas of concern for memory configuration are for gamers and enterprise server admins since both have distinct objectives.

Servers

LRDIMM, UDIMM or RDIMM?

If the server will be supporting a substantial integer of users, additional memory density will be required, therefore LRDIMM is the best option if it’s well matched with the server. The bandwidth regulation will be remarkably superior operating at higher capacities when suing LRDIMM than RDIMM, and for that reason, the extra cost will be beneficial

UDIMMS incline to stress the host server, so the dim capacity and the complete number of DIMMs computer memory parts on every channel needs to be lowered down. IT restricts MT/s to 1600. UDIMMs are practical when a tiny latency reduction would be cooperative, but there is no need for that much capacity.

Gaming

What speed of DDR4 to buy is up to your own needs. Ram kit choices can differ in price, so it is essential to be aware what type of performance benchmarks it is needed to hit prior to checking ram kits. Regarding memory, the cost to grain from the ratio of purchasing higher speed DDR4 module will be determined by the types of games. For memory in-depth games with a substantial world like fallout, or badly optimized games like Playerunknown’s battlegrounds, it is noticeable the modest expansion in frames per second when improving to 400 MHz, but nothing really remarkable.


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An aircraft is made up of different parts. When owning an airplane, it is important to not only look at the sub-parts and main components but also look at the spare parts that will be used when a part fails. As an aircraft owner, it is crucial to understand the different parts of an airplane and the effects of a non-working part on the entire airplane.

There are 5 structural parts on an aircraft. The aircraft engine is a vital component that permits the aircraft to move. All aircraft are manufactured with a unique engine according to its size. In earlier times, the propeller-driven engine was common amongst aircraft. However, these are no longer being utilized as they are now considered traditional engines. Aircrafts today are using jet engines. There several different jet engines, but the most utilized are the turbofan and turbojet.

The wing is considered a crucial aircraft part because it works to balance and improve the stability of the aircraft during flight. It is the part that permits the plane to go up in the air. The aircraft has 2 wings that are connected by a fuselage. The horizontal stabilizer, much like its name, is incorporated onto the aircraft to maintain stability during flight. The wing cannot maintain stability alone and the horizontal stabilizer provides a counteractive force that helps during disturbances.

The last 2 structural parts on an aircraft are the fuselage and the rudder. The fuselage is connected to the wing of the aircraft and comes in 2 different shapes. It can either be rectangular or come in cylindrical tubes. This acts as the connecting point for all parts. The rudder acts as the hinge that permits the plane to make left turns. It helps with the steering of the aircraft.

The parts mentioned above are basic parts of an aircraft. There are other parts smaller in size that are also important such as the main gear, nose, trim tab and more. Regular maintenance must be done so every part is functioning. This is usually done twice a year. It is important for aircraft owners to understand the importance of each part.


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The usage and availability of graphics cards and online currency, such as bitcoin and cryptocurrency, has created a growing industry for miners. This high-end hardware is in extreme demand and becoming very scarce.

Nvidia, a leading graphics card supplier, has becomes aware of this scarceness and changed the priority to go to gamers instead of miners to receive the greatest amount of profit possible. When you sell things in smaller amounts, you can charge more per item than when you sell bulk. This is because their main target group is GeForce- Gamers.

This is being done by limiting the amount that a single customer can buy to only one or two. It works because miners must purchase multiple cards to run their computers, while gamers only need one in most cases, and in some cases two for their purposes.

These parts are being bought out and resold at an extremely inflated price which can be too much for gamers, unlike miners who have a bigger budget. Many think the easy solution is to produce more graphics cards, however due to the unpredictable manner of the crypto market, which is the online currency like bitcoin, they do not want to start producing mass amounts only to have the crypto market crash and leave them with a ton of excess stock.

The mining industry will take the biggest hit because they rely so heavily on their graphics cards core systems. Their need for a larger number of cards to run their parallel configurations is not being met, especially after this new regulation for priority to be given to gamers.


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Projectors are not a new concept, nor are they rare. Optoma is one of the leading manufacturers of many different types of projectors and continue to create new products. Their newest announcement is a projector that uses Amazon Alexa voice recognition. Other upcoming products are the 1080P high definition projector which includes LED lights, a 4K-resolution, ultra-high definition (UHD), and the ultra-mobile pocket projector which is smaller but delivers outstanding quality and contains a 2 hours battery life.

The new projector with Amazon Alexa voice recognition is known as the Optoma UHD51A 4K UHD Projector. Not only does it support Amazon Alexa, but Android OS, 2 HDMI 2.0 inputs, and most 4K UHD game consoles. The price is said to be around $1,699. If that price tag is a little too high for some, Optoma also offers the UHD50 which is similar to the UHD51A but does not include Amazon Alexa capabilities. This UHD50 is priced at around $1499.

The Optoma LH150 is an HD mobile projector. It supports HDMI and USB connections, but also has wifi and Bluetooth capabilities to stick with the portability of the unit, along with built in speakers. There is not a pricing on this LH150 because it is not expected to be on the shelves until mid-2018.

One of the more expensive units offered by Optoma is the 4K UHD HDR Laser UST, which has incredible quality and is priced at $4,999. The last unit that Optoma is announcing is the LED pocket Projector, which is the smallest they have ever made. It has incredible mobile ability due to its size. The picture quality is not the best they provide, but is perfect for traveling, and still supports HDMI. The battery life, like mentioned above, is only about 2 hours, but the price is only $279.


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